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A growth summary of the Internet and some associated technologies is also included. This document presents a history of the Internet in timeline fashion, highlighting some of the key events and technologies which helped shape the Internet as we know it today.Vinton Cerf sketches gateway architecture in March on back of envelope in hotel lobby in San Francisco (:vgc:) Cerf and Kahn present basic Internet ideas at INWG in September at Univ of Sussex, Brighton, UK (:vgc:) File Transfer specification (RFC 454) 1974 Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish "A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication" which specified in detail the design of a Transmission Control Program (TCP).[IEEE Trans Comm] (:amk:) BBN opens Telenet, the first public packet data service (a commercial version of ARPANET) (:sk2:) 1975 Operational management of Internet transferred to DCA (now DISA) "Jargon File", by Raphael Finkel at SAIL, first released (:esr:) Shockwave Rider written by John Brunner (:pds:) 1976 Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom sends out an e-mail (various Net folks have e-mailed dates ranging from 1971 to 1978; 1976 was the most submitted and the only found in print) UUCP (Unix-to-Unix Co Py) developed at AT&T Bell Labs and distributed with UNIX one year later.(:kf1:) 1986 NSFNET created (backbone speed of 56Kbps) - NSF establishes 5 super-computing centers to provide high-computing power for all ([email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], Theory [email protected]).- This allows an explosion of connections, especially from universities.
Roberts National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in Middlesex, England develops NPL Data Network under D. Davies 1968 PS-network presented to the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) 1969 ARPANET commissioned by Do D for research into networking - First node at UCLA, Network Measurements Center [SDS SIGMA 7, SEX] and soon after at: - Stanford Research Institute (SRI), NIC [SDS940/Genie] - UCSB, Culler-Fried Interactive Mathematics [IBM 360/75, OS/MVT] - Univ of Utah, Graphics [DEC PDP-10, Tenex] - use of Information Message Processors (IMP) [Honeywell 516 mini computer with 12K of memory developed by Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc.(IBM and MCI involvement was through an agreement with Merit). UUNET is founded with Usenix funds to provide commercial UUCP and Usenet access.Originally an experiment by Rick Adams and Mike O'Dell Email link established between Germany and China using CSNET protocols, with the first message from China sent on 20 September.(:vgc:) - This leads to one of the first definitions of an "internet" as a connected set of networks, specifically those using TCP/IP, and "Internet" as connected TCP/IP internets.
- Do D declares TCP/IP suite to be standard for Do D (:vgc:) EUnet (European UNIX Network) is created by EUUG to provide email and USENET services.
Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. Excerpted from the author's copyrighted work of the same name.